#BWNFridayPost: Confronting racially exclusionary practices in the acquisition and analyses of neuroimaging data

This paper is written by J. A. Ricard, T. C. Parker, E. Dhamala, J. Kwasa, A. Allsop & A. J. Holmes

Here is a twitter thread summarizing it by one of the authors

This paper discusses how the process of science (how we recruit, the methodologies we utilize and the analyses we conduct) have large effects on the equity and generalizability of scientific discoveries. Following this, the authors develop new actionable ways to help address these issues in Neuroscience and Psychology studies. Find out more here!

#BWNFridayPost: How science can do better for neurodivergent people

This article is written by Rachael Pells

This article discusses neurodivergence, and the experiences neurodivergent workers have in academia. It also spotlights interviews of neurodivergent researchers (Aimee Grant, Ouissam El Bakouri, Heather Newell, Jennifer Leigh), who share what changes they’d like to see for a more equitable workplace. Read the interviews and the article here!

#BWNFridayPost: Black in Neuro

Link to the website

The Black in Neuro website is an amazing resource aimed at diversifying the neurosciences by building a community that empowers Black scholars and professionals in Neuroscience (and related fields). The website has many great resources, including links to events/seminars, a membership and a membership directory for the BiN community, a list of reports and publications relevant to the mission, and a compilation of Black-led initiatives aimed at improving mentorship and outreach in STEM. Go check out these (and so many other) resources on the website!

#BWNFridayPost: Navigating Academia as Neurodivergent Researchers: Promoting Neurodiversity Within Open Scholarship

This article is written by Flavio Azevedo, Sara Middleton, Jenny Mai Phan, Steven Kapp, Amélie Gourdon-Kanhukamwe, Bethan Iley, Mahmoud Elsherif, & John J. Shaw

Link to a twitter post about it

This article shares the authors’ experiences of navigating academia as neurodivergent researchers. It has a lot of meaningful information about what neurodiversity is, how it is (often negatively) represented in psychology (and how it should be represented instead), and the challenges neurodivergent researchers face within academia. Additionally, the authors share concrete recommendations for how we can support neurodiversity in academia, such as by implementing universal design principles.

Read the article here for a lot more details and insightful points!

#BWNFridayPost: Women in Neuroscience Repository

Link to their website

Link to their twitter

The women in neuroscience website is a great resource for finding women neuroscience researchers to collaborate with or invite to conferences/symposiums. By looking through a repository like this when planning speaking events, we can slowly begin to bridge the gap between the ratio of women neuroscientists in the field, and the ratio of women speakers at neuroscience events.

Additionally, this website has a great list of resources that feature publications and articles which focus on diversity and equity within neuroscience, as well as a great list of tips for conference organizers to be mindful of!

#BWNFridayPost: A Data-Driven Approach in an Unbiased Sample Reveals Equivalent Sex Ratio of Autism Spectrum Disorder–Associated Impairment in Early Childhood

Link to the paper

This paper examined whether the belief that ASD is more common in males is an accurate representation of sex difference in ASD’s prevalence, or if it is representative of “measurement bias [that] hinder[s] early diagnosis in females.” Through modeling social communication (SC) and repetitive behaviors (RRB) for both males and females through directly assessing two groups of children from 6 to 60 months of age, the authors were able determine two latent classes in both models that had an equal sex ratio for the high-concern clusters. This paper’s findings indicate that it is important to avoid sex-related measurement bias in diagnoses by identifying sex-specific patterns of ASD emergence; and that the currently presumed discrepancy of ASD prevalence between men and women may be partially due to sex-related measurement bias in the past.

Read the paper here for more information!

#BWNFridayPost: Dismantling barriers faced by women in STEM

Link to the paper

Here is a twitter thread by one of the authors

This Comment by J. M. Jebsen, K. Nicoll Baines, R. A. Oliver, and I. Jayasinghe discusses the disparity in STEM research funding, and how the funding process must be restructured in order to reduce biases against minoritized groups, such as women (particularly women of color). The authors explain the many reasons for this disparity, such as cumulative disadvantage and institutional gatekeeping, and discuss how the Universal Basic Research Grant may help–in which every eligible researcher will be given a certain amount of funding every year.

Read the paper here for more information!

#BWNFridayPost: Superiority and stigma in modern psychology and neuroscience

Link to the paper

Here is a twitter thread by the author

This paper by Rebecca Schwarzlose discusses the biases often in place among neuroscience and psychology researchers, particularly in terms of assumptions concerning what type of brain is superior, and what counts as a deficit: “The standard approach to studying aging or stigmatized conditions is to compare neural or cognitive measures from the stigmatized group with those of a control group without the condition. While this approach is scientifically sound, our interpretations of the findings are often biased by the assumption that people without stigmatized conditions are neurally and mentally ideal.”

These assumptions can lead to poorer interpretations of results, as well as bias the data collection process itself. In addition to discussing this problem in research, this paper suggest several strategies to combat these biases–such as collecting other data potentially related to performance (i.e. sleep quality and hearing) and asking stigmatized groups about points of confusion within the protocol during the Pilot (and adjusting accordingly prior to capturing data).

#BWNFridayPost: Mitigating white Western individualistic bias and creating more inclusive neuroscience

Link to the paper

This paper by Linzie Taylor and Karen S. Rommelfanger discusses how currently, neuroscience is not meeting its full potential–and how this can be improved. They argue that this is due to white Western individualist bias (WWIB), which leads to the ignorance of many factors in neuroscience research that would otherwise promote equality. One such example from the paper, among many given, is EEG scans, and how despite the fact that they have much more noise when used on scalps of people with coarse and curly hair (i.e. in populations of African descent), neuroscience has continued heavily depending on using EEG globally for about 100 years. After illustrating this problem, the authors develop a framework for a more “relational” approach to science–an approach that, if adopted by neuroscientists, will hopefully increase the inclusivity of research as a whole.